Periodontal (Gum) Disease

Periodontal disease is an inflammatory process of the gingival tissue and /or periodontal membrane of the teeth, resulting in an abnormal deep gingival sulcus, possibly producing periodontal pockets and loss of supporting alveolar bone. It is a condition in which the health of the bone and gum tissue that support your teeth is compromised. Periodontal disease can have significant effects on not only your oral, but systemic health!

Gingivitis is an early form of periodontitis, or gum disease. If you experience an occasional swelling of the gums, gums that bleed after brushing or flossing, itchy gums, or bright red or purple gums, chances are you have gingivitis. Gingivitis can be treated by having your teeth professionally cleaned, followed by a strict oral hygiene regimen, including anti-bacterial rinses. If the condition is left untreated, gingivitis can escalate into periodontitis. Periodontitis symptoms include those of gingivitis, as well as, a metallic taste in the mouth, receding gums, enlarged spaces between the gums and teeth, severe halitosis (bad breath), and even loose teeth (from loss of bone).

To treat periodontal disease, we remove the buildup of bacterial plaque and calculus, through scraping or sonic vibration. Alternatively, antibiotics may be placed between the teeth and gums and/or laser therapy may be used, which also help to reduce plaque and combat the disease.